Reading Assignment #05

予習の仕方

  1. まずは記事を読み大意を把握する。
  2. 語彙トレーニング(単語カード)
    • quizletのカードを利用します。英語の音声をリピートし、次に意味を確認しましょう。自分で英単語を発音することが重要です。
    • 語彙リスト(フル)には4つのリーディングアサインメント全ての語彙が掲載されています。活用してください。
  3. 記事の内容を理解しながらしっかり読む。
  4. Quizに取り組む。(解答は公開されません。仲間と意見交換して適切な答えを探すのも良いでしょう)
  5. もう一度記事を読んで理解を確認する。
  6. Further studies
    • 記事のトピックについてリサーチする
    • 記事のサマリーをまとめる
    • 著者について調べる
    • 関連記事を読む
    • その他

1. nature NEWS

Article Title

Scientists struggle with confusing journal guidelines

Global survey finds that unclear publishing policies place an additional burden on many scientists who don’t speak English as a first language.
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-01212-0

2. 語彙トレーニング


3. Quiz

Answer the following questions.


1. Which of the following may NOT be a purpose of the survey conducted with researchers from over 100 countries? 

a) To discover how they feel about guidelines for publishing papers in English-language publications
b) To find out whether they can speak English well enough to understand native speakers of English
c) To learn what difficulties they are faced with when publishing papers internationally

2. Which of the following is the word issue in "issues" from section 2 closest in meaning to? 

a) matter
b) case
c) problem

3. Which of the following is NOT true of the researchers who participated in the survey? 

a) About half of them live in non-Western countries. 
b) Most of them learned to speak English after they had learned their mother tongue. 
c) Only about one out of ten is a native speaker of English.  

4. Which of the following is NOT part of the challenges that these researchers may face when trying to publish papers in international journals?

a) They have to write in a language that they are not fully familiar with. 
b) They find rules for submitting papers vague and/or difficult to understand. 
c) They think that guidelines for publishing papers are similar through different publications but they are all not very clear. 

5. Which of the following is the word "challenging" in section 6 closest in meaning to? 

a) severe
b) arduous  
c) heavy

6. Which of the following can replace the word "eliminate" in section 7? 

a) put out
b) turn out 
c) get rid of

7. Which of the following is the word "remarkable" in section 10 closest in meaning to? 

a) uncommon
b) noteworthy
c) memorable 

8. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as measures to address the problems the scientists are facing?

a) Making a go-to site for those trying to understand rules for publication more clearly
b) Creating a standard for presenting publications rules among different journals
c) Asking your colleagues to review publishing guidelines. 

9. Which of the following may best describe the attitude of the author of the passage toward the scientists faced with difficulties when trying to publish papers internationally?  

a) Sympathetic 
b) Indifferent
c) Disappointed

10. According to the passage, what might happen if the issues described in the passage are not dealt with? 

a) Scientists keep trying to submit papers in international journals.
b) Scientists choose to publish papers written in their mother tongues. 
c) Scientists try to improve their English skills so that they can publish their papers internationally.